天主教思想與文化 2015年 第4輯

天主教思想與文化 2015年 第4輯

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Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture – Volume 4 (2015)

 

本輯主編: 蔡惠民 康志傑

版權所有:意大利瑪柴拉塔利瑪竇研究中心@2015

出版:原道出版有限公司

售價:每冊HK$150

ISSN 2311-1054

書度/裝訂:長 210毫米; 闊 150毫米; 厚19毫米 (平裝)

頁數:386

淨重量:460克

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歷史的車輪快速向前轉動,人類科學、技術與物質發展一日千里,然而在精神上人類面臨越來越多的挑戰:精神信仰危機、倫理道德危機,單單依靠人的理性似乎很難找到走出危機的出路。上述問題在當今中國社會尤其明顯。如何幫助中國社會突破現代性的困境?在這一處境中,天主教信仰能夠承擔什麼樣的角色並作出什麼樣的貢獻?在此背景中,意大利利瑪竇研究中心與香港原道交流學會共同創立了《天主教思想與文化》期刊,願與教內外學界同仁,共同思考關係到每一個人的世界的命運與未來。期刊從歷史、哲學、漢語神學、宗教學及社會性等不同角度對以上問題作出回應。內容側重於東西方文化與宗教間的對話、中國文化及基督宗教文化的反思、基督宗教經典的解讀、漢語基督宗教傳統與理論的研究等。

耿占河

海德格的上帝觀與聖多瑪斯的天主觀 – 關於未來漢語神學之天主觀的另一種思考

靖保路

Abstract: In this paper, we will discuss the question of God in Heideggar’s and in St. Thomas Aquinas’ thought. We will clarify as far as possible if Heideggar’s destructive critique of traditional ontology, theology and understanding of God can provoke irreconcilable conflict between his thought and the great theological doctrine of St. Thomas Aquinas, which is based on Aristotle’s metaphysics and according to the thoughts of the Church Fathers. Is there a true contradiction between Heidegger’s thought about Holderlin’s “God’s absence”, “retreat of God or the gods” and the dedivinization of the traditional metaphysics and the thought of God in St. Thomas Aquinas as the ultimate cause of all creation, infinitely perfect, the supreme Being etc.? Finally, we would like to know if Heideggar’s thought can inspire Sino-Christian theology or the theology of inculturation of the Christian faith.

《神學論集》1969-2014 教父專文之回顧與整理

張毅民

Abstract: The Theological Faculty of St. Robert Bellarmine was established in Zikawei, Shanghai (China) in 1929 by the Sacred Congregation of Seminary and University Studies. In 1952, the Faculty was transferred to the Philippines. In 1967, in accordance to the spirit of the Second Vatican Council, the Faculty was transferred back to the Chinese cultural environment and located next to Fu Jen University in Taipei, Taiwan. Since then, the Faculty, as well as its publications, has played an important role in Taiwan’s Catholic theological research and development in the Chinese context. The first issue of Collectatea Theologica Universitatis Fu Jen, the Faculty’s academic journal, was published in 1969. Since then, the publication of this journal has never stopped. Collectatea Theologica thus becomes a window through which we can see the fruits of the Catholic academics in the Chinese / Taiwanese context after Vatican II. In the last 46 years (183 issues in total), Collectatea Theologica published 15 articles focusing on the Church Fathers or the development of Patristic studies in the Chinese context. The purpose of this paper is to present the picture of Patristic studies in Taiwan’s Catholic academics after Vatican II by critically reviewing these 15 articles. In the conclusion, the author argues for the importance of Patristic studies in Taiwan’s Catholic academia, that Patristic studies should not be treated as a sub-discipline of spirituality, church history, philosophy or liturgical studies. The author further contents that Patristics should be valued as the foundation of Catholic theology, based on which the Catholic Church in Taiwan finds ways to overcome the present and future challenges, such as contextualisation, Christian unity, religious dialogue, secularisation and deeper conversion of Taiwanese Christians to the Truth etc.

神義論是傳統位格天主的最後掘墓者?- 分析、比較過程哲學及儒學對此的回應

陳賓山

Abstract: In the face of evil and suffering in the world, there is an unavoidable question for Christians to ask and consider: If there is an almighty, morally good God, why does He create a world in which evildoers and suffering exist? Why does He not intervene into the process of worldly affairs in order to stop or minimise the suffering of innocent people? In order to answer these questions rationally and to justify the traditional understanding of God and Creation, theodicy has become a subject in the theological arena. In the history of philosophy, there are different approached developed concerning the problem of theodicy: Free-Will Approach, No-Better-World Approach, minimalist and speculative theodicy. The above-mentioned approaches concentrate on one aspect of free will of human beings to liberate the good God from the responsibility for human suffering in the world. But the main questions are not yet addressed, namely: Why did God create human beings with free will? Does He have the moral right to allow innocent people to suffer, because He considers human freedom as more valuable than that? To answer these core questions concerning theodicy, we will consider the approach of process philosophy and Neo-Confucianism. Both of them show great affinity in terms of cosmology and their understanding of God. Process philosophy tries to redefine the traditional understanding of God and the Christian doctrine of creation. In so doing, it makes the implicitly related metaphysical assumptions: ontological dualism and pantheistic tendency. Neo-Confucianism goes one step further by developing an anthropo-cosmic unity, so that the ontological dualism of process philosophy is eliminated and its pantheistic tendency develops into panentheism. The personal and transcendental God becomes the immanent principle of the cosmos. Suffering occurs only when human activities disobey the law of nature. My conclusion is whether we should abandon the traditional understanding of God and the doctrine of Creation in order to answer the questions concerning theodicy philosophically.

狄奧尼修論神聖化與宇宙的回歸

高凌霞

Abstract: When Christianity first began, believers waited for the imminent coming of the Kingdom of God. As the event did not come as early as they had expected, their expectation shifted to the belief in the immortality of the soul. The Greek Fathers became interested in the idea of theosis, but it was only until late-5th century that it became a more widely discussed topic, and was involved in more important theological issues. Since theosis was a very powerful symbol, it was integrated into popular theology. When Dionysius used the theme of theosis in his negative theology and systematised his mystical theology, theosis became very important in Christian theology and spirituality.

Dionysius investigates the different dimensions of theosis and he tends to be more speculative than practical. He shows a comprehensive view of the universe in his thoughts. This paper seeks to investigate Dionysius’s cosmic view in his idea of theosis. As he is heavily influenced by the neo-platonic thinker Proclus, Dionysius builds his theory within his framework. However, Dionysius is a Christian thinker and, for him, the presence of God in the universe is the source of goodness and harmony. The idea of theosis continues to develop after Dionysius, and today it is one of the important theological principles in the Eastern Church.

宇宙的「人化」- 略論德日進的生命哲學

漆志超

Abstract: In this article, we shall expound and discuss Teilhard’s evolutionary ethics in a comprehensive way and present the development of his ethics in detail. In the conclusion, we shall explain the profound meaning that his evolutionary ethics gives to human life, in which we can find inspirations and solutions for the problems in the development of mankind in the modern time.

Teilhard sees the experience of the integrity of the universe as an advancing process of evolution. Matter, Lives, Minds and God belong to different stages of evolution, for they share the same inner uniformity and form a unified whole. Everything has a mysterious connection with each other, and as a result it was natural for Teilhard to deduce his ethics from his cosmology. For Teilhard, the current theme of the evolution of the universe is the evolution of man. The whole universe is in the process of humanisation. The process of humanisation also makes human beings realise the inner relationship between man and the universe. We can see that God is the aim of all humankind in Teilhard’s ethics, and so we should fulfil the mission of leading the whole universe in the process of evolution.

關懷此有 – 談海德格與田立克對宗教信仰的立場

黃冠潔

Abstract: This article attempts to discuss the standpoint of Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) and Paul Tillich (1886-1965) on religion. Both of them indicate that a gap remains between the God (and gods) of Christianity and other religions and the god beyond theism. Therefore, the former chooses “being” rather than “Being” for his focus, whereas the latter suggests the idea of “God above God”.

The reason neither of them chooses the theist (or Christian) God as “God above God” or the unknown “last god” is that, not only their positions go beyond the views of theism, but they also point to the god above them. This study seeks to draw inspirations from the two scholars’ standpoints on religion for contemporary Christian life.

The first task of this article is to discuss Heidegger’s concern for the perspective of Dasein and to describe the world of beings. The second part examines Tillich’s thought of ultimate concern so as to reveal clearly his standpoint on religion. The last part of the article is a reflection of both of their standpoints.

谷木蘭文獻與第二聖殿時期猶太聖經傳統

閃鴻恩

Abstract: The Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in Qumran are the oldest biblical manuscripts known by far. From the perspective of philology and historiography, this article focuses on the Qumranian texts and the Jewish biblical traditions of the Second Temple period. It discusses some of the questions related to the literal sources of the Hebrew Bible, its canonisation, the Deuterocanonical and Pseudepigraphal books etc. By introducing this important archeological discovery, the article uses different Qumranian texts as examples and analyses the diversity and richness of the Jewish biblical and parabolical literature during the Second Temple period, as well as its inspiration and influence on today’s biblical studies.

1949年之前中國天主教經費來源綜論

康志傑

Abstract: Missionary funds are the basis and key of maintaining the activities of religious organisations. This is especially prominent in institutionalised religion. Since Catholicism was introduced to China at the end of the Ming dynasty, the missionaries of different systems had been trying to expand the sources of their funds for religious development. But in all kinds of missionary funds, not including the financial assistance from overseas missionary organisations, domestic missionary funds were mainly from the Chinese emperor’s “gift” and the donations of the Chinese believers. With reference to fragments of Chinese and western literature, this paper tries to discuss the financial sources in funding missionary activities and the types of income of Chinese Catholics. It is hoped that this topic may attract greater attention from scholars and more researches in this field may be conducted.

1846-1919年康藏地區 – 巴黎外方傳教會傳教士新考

趙艾東
高琳

Abstract: The missionaries of Missions Etrangères de Paris (M.E.P.) to Khams (or Eastern Tibet) were the major participants and communicators in the spread of Catholicism in Khams. However, there have been a large number of mistakes about the basic personal information of those missionaries in the relevant writings published in China in the last three decades; meanwhile, there has been a lack of some basic information about them. The clarification of the missionaries’ basic personal information and their activities is of tremendous academic significance, not only to a thorough understanding of the process of the spread of Catholicism in Khams from 1846 to 1950, but also to the study of the modern history of Khams from multiple perspectives—especially to the study of religious and local history. Based on the M.E.P. archives and local Chinese archives, and through a comparison and identification of various relevant historical documents and writings in French and Chinese, this paper examines and corrects the basic information of 39 missionaries, including their names, dates of birth and death, the time of entering and leaving Khams and their activities in Khams from 1846 to 1919. There are some new findings in the personal information of these missionaries.

Additional Information

Weight 460 g
Dimensions 21 × 15 × 1.9 cm