天主教思想與文化 2012年 第1輯

天主教思想與文化 2012年 第1輯

$150.00

Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture – Volume 1 (2012)

 

本輯主編: 段德智、靖保路

版權所有:意大利瑪柴拉塔利瑪竇研究中心

出版:原道出版有限公司

售價:每冊HK$150

ISBN 978-988-16406-2-8

書度/裝訂:長 210毫米; 闊 150毫米; 厚20毫米 (平裝)

頁數:444

淨重量:594克

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創刊寄語

靖保路

期刊出版的目的是希望與教內外學界同仁,共同思考關係到我們每一個人的世界的命運與未來。期刊將從歷史、哲學、漢語神學、宗教學及社會學等不同的角度對以上問題作出回應。內容側重於東西方文化與宗教間的對話、中國文化及基督宗教文化的反思、基督宗教經典的解讀、跨文化及跨學科領域的深入探討、漢語基督宗教傳統與理論的研究,尤其是關於天主教傳統與理論的梳理與探討等等。《天主教思想與文化》所發表文章雖不完全代表研究中心的觀點,但我們將以開放的態度求同而存異,願為學界同仁及朋友提供相互瞭解、溝通思想而求得基本共識的學術交流平台。

期刊的宗旨可分為以下兩點:1)深化東西方文化與宗教之間的對話;2)強化天主教在中國社會中的文化意識與社會責任感,以回應時代的需要,為中國的人文社會與精神建設做出應有的貢獻。當今的世界,對話與溝通已成共識;因為只有對話才能成為民族與民族之間、國家與國家之間、文化與文化之間克服分歧與成見,消除衝突與仇恨的和平之橋梁;只有對話才能在“你—我”的相互開放與接納中,締結心與心之間友誼的紐帶;只有對話才能在“你—我”間不可避免的不對稱性中,尋求相互尊重,共同開創那更為人性化的精神家園。無論如何,“東亞世界與歐洲世界的相遇已然不可避免”(海德格爾語)。那麼,我們是讓此相遇成為爆發衝突的危機,還是成為締結友誼,共創未來的機遇?同時,我們也願此期刊能促使作為中國五大宗教之一的天主教,在新的千年中能以新的面貌、新的精神為中國的社會與人文建設做出更多的貢獻與承擔!

編者序

段德智

《天主教思想與文化》就是國內外知識界和天主教界可資利用的一個平台。雖然這個平台還不夠寬大,但它畢竟是一個有益的平台。就其本期所刊的15篇文章來說,其作者不僅有中國的,也有外國的(主要是歐洲的)。而在中國的作者群中,則不僅有大陸的學者,而且還有港台學者和在歐洲學習和工作的中國學者。由於這些作者有著迥然不同的人生閱曆和社會體驗,從而使得本期刊物所載的文章“各從所好,各聘所長”,呈現出斑駁陸離的色彩、既相輔相成又相激相盪的氣象,使得不同閱讀趣味的讀者總能夠從中找到可意的文章。本刊既順應宗教對話和中國天主教本土化歷史潮流而生,則它便必將伴隨著中國天主教本土化,特別是伴隨著中國天主教神學理論本土化的步伐而長。《天主教思想與文化》既然已經有了一個美好的開端,則我們就完全有理由相信它將有一個更加美好的未來。

天主教與中國文化:再思天主教本土化神學

靖保路(意大利利瑪竇研究中心)

Abstract: Today, the inculturation of the Christian faith is still a hot topic in China, both in Chinese religious academia, and in the Chinese Christian religion. However, for various reasons, the Catholics in contemporary mainland China are rarely involved in this discussion. This phenomenon should arouse the attention of the Catholic Church; especially the younger generation of Catholic scholars should make the effort to establish their own academic group to promote the spread of their own faith, and to actively participate in the discussion on the inculturation of the Christian faith. Against this background, the article will discuss the understanding of Catholicism about the inculturation of the faith, the contribution that it made, the difficulties that it encountered, and the possible way to explore the future of the theology of the inculturation of the Catholic faith.

超越東西方 – 當代中國天主教本土化的總體反思

孫琥瑭(雲南民族大學)

Abstract: Indigenization is an endless question when an alien religion goes into the local culture. Is the indigenization of the Catholic Church in China an adaptation or an alienation? This thesis analyses this phenomenon, and puts forward solutions and suggestions. Indigenization is the result of dialogue, mutual tolerance, and mutual adaptation. It is a process of learning from each other and the result of mutual complement, and integrative innovation, confronting the social reality, serving society, and maintaining public interests. They seek common ground while reserving differences. Ethical standard is highly valued; consistency between keeping core values alive and innovating in forms is also insisted on; the church-state relationship is always the deciding factor. Finally, this thesis puts forward prospects and lines of thought, and insists that the awareness of indigenization should go beyond East and West. This awareness should maintain a good relationship between church and state; it should also strengthen dialogue, mutual tolerance, mutual adaptation, and learning from each other. It should promote complementary and integrated innovation, while facing the social reality, serving society, seeking common ground, and meanwhile reserving differences. With this awareness, ethical standard is highly valued and consistency between keeping core values alive and innovating in forms is insisted on. Thus, a tension between catholicity and local features is necessarily kept.

經院哲學的學院性質及其興盛的文化 – 背景和社會背景芻議

段德智(武漢大學)

Abstract: Scholasticism was the principal and typical form of Christian philosophy in the Middle Ages. It played an irreplaceable role for later developments, especially for the modern development of Christian philosophy. The basic difference between scholasticism and philosophia patristica consists in the fact that it belongs to a kind of philosophy taught by professors in universities and seminaries, gives the dogmas of Christianity more reasonable explanations, emphasizes the relative independence of philosophy, and pays more attention to the humanities and natural sciences.

The emergence and flourishing of Scolasticism were not accidental, but were both concerned with the atmosphere supporting the academic researches initiated by Charlemagne, the emergence of universities, the disputations of universals, and the translations of Aristotle’s works.

“Philosophy begins with the decline of a real world.” Scholasticism began with the Dark Ages of European society. As a strand of the light of reason, it directed European society into luminosity; it promoted European society’s turning not only from slavery to feudalism, but also from ancient civilization to Christian civilization. This reveals the social functions of the redemption of society, the advancement of human civilization, and the development of human society.

從辯護、建構到分立:中世紀哲學理性與信仰之關係的歷史性考察

翟志宏(武漢大學哲學學院)

Abstract: It is important to review and settle the relationship between faith and reason in medieval philosophy. During the early days of the Patristic era, some theologians of Christianity identified with Greek philosophy because of the need for validity and rationality. In the manner of Greek philosophy, reason comes into the faith system of Christianity: firstly, as an apologetic resource; furthermore, as a constructive factor; finally, became a great system in Augustine’s thought. In the Dark Ages, although Greek philosophy was absent as a whole for historical causes, reason has somehow a methodological function in the thought of theologians. Along with the historical development, this manner became a basic thinking principle in the early days of scholasticism, and together with the revival of Aristotelianism, it set itself up as a complete system of theology and philosophy in the work of Thomas Aquinas. However, in the late Middle Ages, because of the intervention of the Church and the criticism of some theologians, the fundamental conflicts between philosophy and religion were unfolded on the table. The conflicts are fully expressed in the thought of Scotus and Ockham. From the historical point of view, people’s knowledge of the relationship between faith and reason cannot come to an end, and it has a durable meaning in Western culture.

黑夜在聖十字若望的神秘神學中的意義

田書峰(德國慕尼黑大學)

Abstract: John of the Cross (San Juan de la Cruz, 24 June 1542 – 14 December 1591) is, doubtless, one of the most important mystical figures in the history of the Church. In the soul’s ascent to Mount Carmel – the place of God – or in the process of becoming united to God, the soul will undergo a journey of “dark night”, both psychologically (night of the spirit) and physiologically (night of the sense). The thesis focuses on finding the meaning of the “dark night” through analyzing both its active and its passive sense. According to John, the “dark night” does not mean the absence of light or hopeless emptiness, but it is the necessary experience of the soul due to God’s complete otherness and transcendence . Through the outpouring of love into the soul by virtue of God, the “dark night” wins its constructive meaning in the process of divine union with God. One of the main characteristics of negative theology lies in this: in order to become united to God, the ultimate wholeness, man has to free himself from every attachment to both the worldly things and spiritual goodness, and to cast himself into the dark night. Thus the thesis will show how this “dark night” is actually a medium or a place , where God himself communicates with our souls. In conclusion, it will be shown that the ascent of the soul to God does not occur in the Platonic, dualistic way, but belongs to the mystery of the personal love of God.

平的兩端 – 克萊門特與德爾圖良神學思想比較之一二

韓雪吟(武漢大學哲學院)

Abstract: This thesis focuses on the comparison of two representative theological methods in the history of early Christian theology — the methods of Clement of Alexandria and Tertullian. The discussion is about the process of the forming of their great thoughts, and their discrepant attitudes towards philosophy and reason from their different historical backgrounds. Deeply influenced by Platonism, Clement combined the Christian dogmas and Platonism, which was considered an effective way to truth. In contrast, Tertullian thought that truth was simple and certain, but was twisted by philosophers. He uncompromisingly defended the purity of the Christian faith and refused to introduce philosophy into Christianity. Moreover, they also held different thoughts on solving the problem of the relation between soul and body. Although he denied corruptibility and depravity, Clement was under the shadow of Platonic dualism and still pointed out that the body is lower than the soul. This view was opposed by Tertullian, who considered that both soul and body were created simultaneously, and tried to eliminate their difference by biological methods. Finally, these two typical theologies provided two diverse routes for many theologians, and played a vital role in the late development of Christianity.

當代中國天主教的問題與解決建議

高師寧(中國社會科學院)
何光滬(中國人民大學)

Abstract: Contemporary Chinese Catholicism is facing many problems, the most important of which are the issues of the ‘underground Churches’, the ordination of Chinese bishops and the consequent China-Vatican relationship. This paper analyzes the religious, historical, social and political causes of the problems, showing that China could look at them in new perspectives. Having described the history and the present situation of these and other problems, and having summarized some proposals put forward by other scholars, the authors present three major proposals for the radical solution of the problems, hoping that the authorities of China and the Vatican will give them consideration: 1. For the bishops’ ordination procedure: election by the churches, authorization according to the Canon, putting on record by the government offices; 2. For the underground churches’ status: application by the churches, registration of all of them, supervision according to the law; 3. For the ecclesiastical administration and foreign exchange: autonomy of the church, free exchange, assistance from the government.

宗教敘事之「我 – 他」敘事與其倫理向度作為一種後設思考 – 以遠藤周作的《海與毒藥》為例

鄭印君(輔仁大學宗教學系)

Abstract: This paper aims first at the meaning of religious narrative under the frame of modern narratology. The next, the “I-He” relationship in religious narrative is explored, especially the idea “the Other” through the aspects of Emmanuel Levinas and Lacques Lacan. From the “(I-I) (He)” to the “I-He” and its moral dimension based on the relationship of “I-He” is the important subject matter of this paper. At last, the meta-thinking of the work Sea and Poison written by Endo Shusaku is put into consideration as an example for making the meaning of “I-He” narrative and its moral dimension more concrete in research of religious literatures.

中國的國籍女修會是怎樣煉成的?- 論中國國籍女修會的成立、發展以及對中國社會的貢獻

康志傑(湖北大學)

Abstract: European female religious congregations were not introduced into the Catholic Church in mainland China before the First Opium War, but there was a great deal of work needing female’s (especially single women’s) help, support and participation; so the consecrated women assumed the role of sisters. When the 1840 Opium War broke out, the international female religious congregation from Europe and America came into China, many virgins joined religious congregations, and the structure of the Chinese Catholic Church gradually changed. This paper will discuss how European and American female religious congregations cultivated Chinese virgins, how each parish set up national female religious congregations, what difference in work characteristics there was between national female religious and European and American religious congregations, how Chinese female religious congregations were set up and became stronger, and also what their contribution was to society.

初探早期來華耶穌會傳教士對「善」概念之接受與詮釋 – 由利瑪竇、羅明堅至柏應理 《中國聖人孔子》

黃渼婷(輔仁大學天主教學術研究院)

Abstract: The Jesuitic missionaries in 16th and 17th centuries arrived in China for understanding Chinese religions and culture with the hope of spreading evangelium. They strived to search for a common ground between Christian and Chinese cultures, especially Confucian thoughts which possess similar characteristics with Christian catechism. This paper tries to put the idea “goodness” into consideration, and focuses on missionaries’ interpretations of “goodness” of Confucian thoughts. Three missionaries’ points of view, Matteo Ricci, Michele Ruggieri, and Philipp Couplet’s Confucius Sinarum Philosophus are selected as examples for discussions.

徐光啟的天主教信仰

段春生(米蘭聖心大學)

Abstract: In the past there were some controversies about the Catholic identity of Xu Guangqi, especially, about the motivation of his baptism, in Chinese academic circles. In recent years, with the deepening of the research on his life, it has been recognized that he was a Catholic; but the systematic and in-depth study of his Catholic faith has not yet begun. In this article I will offer some analysis of the motivation of his conversion to the Catholic Church, his enthusiastic prayer, his good example, the education of his children, his generosity, and his dedication to the promotion of the Catholic mission in China. Finally, with his influence in the imperial court, his model of Christian life and his great personal charm, Xu Guangqi prompted the conversion to the Catholic Church of many Chinese literati officials, and earned a great missionary space for the Church in the late Ming. I hope this article will promote a deep research into Xu Guangqi’s beliefs in Chinese academic circles.

Additional Information

Weight 594 g
Dimensions 21 × 15 × 2 cm