天主教思想與文化 2014年 第3輯

天主教思想與文化 2014年 第3輯

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Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture – Volume 3 (2014)

 

本輯主編: 蔡惠民 靖保路

版權所有:意大利瑪柴拉塔利瑪竇研究中心@2014

出版:原道出版有限公司

售價:每冊HK$150

ISSN 2311-1054

書度/裝訂:長 210毫米; 闊 150毫米; 厚20毫米 (平裝)

頁數:382

淨重量:460克

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歷史的車輪快速向前轉動,人類科學、技術與物質發展一日千里,然而在精神上人類面臨越來越多的挑戰:精神信仰危機、倫理道德危機,單單依靠人的理性似乎很難找到走出危機的出路。上述問題在當今中國社會尤其明顯。如何幫助中國社會突破現代性的困境?在這一處境中,天主教信仰能夠承擔什麼樣的角色並作出什麼樣的貢獻?在此背景中,意大利利瑪竇研究中心與香港原道交流學會共同創立了《天主教思想與文化》期刊,願與教內外學界同仁,共同思考關係到每一個人的世界的命運與未來。期刊從歷史、哲學、漢語神學、宗教學及社會性等不同角度對以上問題作出回應。內容側重於東西方文化與宗教間的對話、中國文化及基督宗教文化的反思、基督宗教經典的解讀、漢語基督宗教傳統與理論的研究等。

耿占河

從聖神的靈感再思神學本地化的創作

鄺麗娟

Abstract: For centuries, there has been too strong a ‘western’ flavour in our way of proclamation of the Gospel, making it difficult for the good news of Christ to be assimilated into our life and culture and accepted by the fellow Chinese. All these have impelled us to look for a new venue of encounter, a new model of evangelisation. Starting with pneumatology, the way forward might be an inner one, which is in better harmony with the thought, mind, aspiration and interest of Chinese people.

Indeed, theology should be a story of encounter of two traditions – tradition of faith and tradition of culture – and theological creative work may be regarded as a re-write of the two different sentiments in a story of encounter. The path to theological inculturation is basically broad and plural. Apart from the rational intellectual approach adopted in the traditional theology of the ‘word’, now we may also attempt to use our heart and affection more in the theological reflection on the ‘spirit’. The author, with the mindset of Chinese women, meditates, experiences and savours the mystery of the Holy Spirit and tries to convey the tenderness and beauty of God in a poetic and artistic manner. This is where the path leading to the full flowering of pneumatology begins. The theology of the ‘spirit’ is not simply on knowing and understanding the Word of God. Rather, it goes in search of deep love; ‘experience’ of God’s love and inspiration in the salvific history; a more intimate union with God. The theology of the ‘spirit’ is a theology which talks about ‘love’. Creative work on the theology of the ‘spirit’ touches not a person’s mind but his heart and affection. Hence the theology of the ‘spirit’ requires a new kind of theological methodology, presentation skill and medium. This type of theology is not merely for our spiritual growth. It arouses our sentiments of faith – a sense of admiration, wonder, reverence, yearning, enchantment, fascination, etc. If we regard, in general, those engage in theological work in our time as thinkers, then authors of creative work on the theology of the ‘spirit’ are probably artists and poets.

The Holy Spirit is not only God’s power and strength but also God’s breath. He reveals not only the ‘transcendence’ of God but also the ‘tenderness’ and ‘intimacy’ of God. ‘Inspiring’ is often a feature of the actions of the Holy Spirit. ‘Inspiring’ summarises all his actions in the salvific history – being present, outpouring, accompanying, indwelling, teaching, remembering, testifying, accusing, introducing, conveying, heaving a sigh, interceding, etc. The inspiration of the Holy Spirit can be felt, i.e. it is what a person is conscious of and can experience. It touches the whole of the person – his intellect, will, affection, action and even the body – and produces different effects.

The author attempts, in the context of Chinese experience of ‘Qi’(氣), to re-read, re-write, re-interpret God’s breath and power – namely how the spirit exists, permeates and is absorbed in the universe; fills the world; transforms human mind; renews the earth. This is an attempt on theological inculturation with specific reference to the experience of ‘perceiving and responding’ in ‘Qi’, i.e. through the mutual communication and exchange of ‘Qi’, so as to achieve a new exegesis of ‘narrative’ christology and anthropology: ‘christology in the Holy Spirit’ and ‘anthropology in the Holy Spirit’.

多瑪斯.阿奎那 – 論情感的自主與善惡

黃超

Abstract: Concerning the goodness or evil of the passions (emotions) arguments have continued back and forth from the time of the ancient Greeks up to the Middle Ages. Thomas Aquinas put forth a rational theory about the emotions, distinguishing in a detailed way their voluntariness and their passivity, their natural nature and their theoretical nature. With his theory of the different levels of the emotions, he responded to the Stoics’ “evilness of the emotions” theory and to Ambrose’s theory that “the emotions are neither good nor bad.” Thomas considered that, the emotions, with the element of reason, have a certain freedom, and from a moral perspective can take the initiative. Therefore, the emotions (passions) are the originators of moral action, and on the level of morality, they can be divided into good and evil ones.

法律適用中的公平問題 – 多瑪斯.阿奎那權宜正義思想探析

陳文安

Abstract: The articles on “epikeia”or equity, in the Summa Theologica are an important part of the theory of justice in Aquinas. First, this paper will expound Aquinas’ views on “epikeia” or equity, in detail. Secondly, this paper attempts to analyze the theoretical source and background of Aquinas’ “epikeia”or equity theory. Lastly, this paper will analyze the theoretical characteristics and theoretical implications of Aquinas theory of “epikeia” or equity.

虛無主義時代的危機與拯救 – 從德國宗教哲學家韋爾特1的思想看中國人文社會的轉型

靖保路

Abstract: One of the main features of Western society in the 21st century is the phenomenon of secularization and the crisis of nihilism. This leads to very serious personal and social problems: religious and spiritual crises, a confusion of values, moral decay, and so forth. This poses a great challenge to the elites of Western societies. In the German-speaking world, many great thinkers emerged and contemplated this problem, and spread an awareness of it. One of them was Bernhard Welte. Although the social situations in China and in the West are different, Welte’s efforts to save the spirit of Western societies may still be able to inspire social and spiritual reconstruction in China and contribute to the realization of the “Chinese dream.”

耶穌會靈修的歷史詮釋及對當代中國教會神學工作的啟發

謝華

Abstract: For our Church today, the “mode of Matteo Ricci” continues to influence our way of evangelizing and of doing theology. However, we should not ignore the fact that what underlay the work of Ricci was the Ignatian spirituality being formed at that time. In order to make the spirit of Ricci alive and relevant for today, it is significant to understand how Jesuit spirituality has germinated and developed in its historical dynamics, especially in its encounters with other cultures. Hence we try to sketch the historical trajectory of some main characteristics of Ignatian spirituality, in the hope that they can inspire us to reflect on how to proceed in the future.

多瑪斯論類比

高凌霞

Abstract: The doctrine of analogy of Thomas Aquinas is a much discussed topic among Thomists from Cajetan to nowadays. A variety of theories appear, and scholars do not quite agree with one another. The reason for the dissention of opinions is that Thomas himself did not work out a systematic presentation on analogy, but he often referred to it in his writings. As a matter of fact, Thomas based his metaphysics on the principle of creation, and held that God is the universal cause of all that exist. As there is similitude between cause and effect, human beings can have some knowledge of God, but our knowledge is necessarily analogical, for it takes its origin from the material world, and is the result of the relation thing-intellect- language (res-ratio-nomen). The consequence of this three – term relation is the twofold orientations of linguistic expression, related to our thought and reference to reality. In metaphysical language, they are predicamental analogy or logical analogy and transcendental analogy of being. We hold that the foundation of analogy in Aquinas’ metaphysics is the way he conceived the notion of being. The analogy of being is an important element in his metaphysics. He starts on the logical level by discussing the meaning of names when predicating being. Through judgment he moves from names to the knowledge of being and from there to the cause of being, and participation in the Absolute Being. We begin with a historical review of the doctrine of analogy, followed by an analysis of some important texts of Thomas Aquinas, finally we attempt to explore the meaning of predicamental analogy and transcendental analogy of being. The notion of participation can only be treated succinctly. Since Thomas himself does not have a systematic exposition of the doctrine of analogy, we have to rely on contemporary Thomists’ interpretation of this subject.

多瑪斯.阿奎那 – 理智學說的基本架構

鄢松波

Abstract: Thomas Aquinas was one of the most celebrated theologians and philosophers in Medieval Times. Based on the principle that philosophy is a beneficial supplement to the faith, he established a distinguished and systematic theory of intellect. It originated from the thought of certain ancient Greek philosophers’ view on this point but he obviously transcended them. Most importantly, his thought embodied an innovation to the ideas on intellect from the traditional and influential Platonic-Augustinian theology. Through our exploration, the basic structure of Thomas Aquinas’ theory on intellect is generalized into three parts, that is, the view of order, the view of power and the view of phantasy.

法律適用中的公平問題 – 多瑪斯.阿奎那權宜正義思想探析

陳文安

Abstract: The articles on “epikeia”or equity, in the Summa Theologica are an important part of the theory of justice in Aquinas. First, this paper will expound Aquinas’ views on “epikeia” or equity, in detail. Secondly, this paper attempts to analyze the theoretical source and background of Aquinas’ “epikeia”or equity theory. Lastly, this paper will analyze the theoretical characteristics and theoretical implications of Aquinas theory of “epikeia” or equity.

法國耶穌會士馬若瑟《詩經》八篇 – 法譯研究

蔣向豔

Abstract : This essay attemps to have a preliminary analysis of eight poems from the Book of Songs translated into French by the French Jesuit Joseph de Prémare in early 18th century, and to explore how the religious culture in ancient China symbioses with the Christian theology in the hermeneutic translation of the Jesuit scholar. The French translation of the poems contributes to the establishing of the images of the ancient China and her wise king in Europe of the eighteenth century, and to promote the spreading of the ancient Chinese thought in Europe.

天主教社會訓導「輔助性原則」與公民社會建設

白虹

Abstract: There are two aspects to the meaning of the Principle of Subsidiarity in Catholic Social Teaching. They concern the relationship between a social organization and the individual. Subsidiarity demands that the development of social organizations must work in conjunction with the needs of the individual, which is goal of the organizations. On the relationship between social organizations and the government, it emphasizes that the government cannot displace the role of these organizations but should help to develop them. Not only emphasizing the subsidiary function of the social organization in relation to the government, this principle also encourages the participation of the person, thereby promoting the growth of a civil society. This social principle is worthy of our reference in the modernization of our Chinese society, which has a unitary tradition and has been dominated by the thought of an “almighty government”.

中國天主教如何走上自養的道路:以鄉村教會為例證

康志傑

Abstract: Since modern times, the Chinese Catholic Church began to explore and actively practice “self-support” in the economic field. After the mid-Qing dynasty the Catholic Church developed mainly in the rural areas, so the village churches accumulated some experience about “self-support.” This paper takes the view from the economic operational mode of the rural church – “farm to nourish the people, rent to nourish the church.” Discussing the introduction of new crop varieties, an analysis of the new incoming technology for agricultural production and rural “self-support” cases, this article tries to explore the basic characteristics and laws of the Chinese Catholic “self-support” system, and hopes to provide some valuable suggestions for the benign development of the contemporary Chinese Catholic Church.

近代教會中學的辦學機制及其影響研究:以靜宜女子中學為例

劉志慶

Abstract: The full name of Jing Yi Girls’ High School is the Henan Private Jing Yi Girls’ High School. It was located in Kai Feng, Henan Province, which was a famous ancient capital city for seven dynasties. It was a Catholic high school, and was the predecessor of Taiwan Providence University. It was superior in terms of operation. It had its own features, including thoughts on school administration, management structures, operating conditions, a team of well-trained teachers, curriculum provisions, discipline of students, and operation expenses, which were different from public schools. A careful study of its structures of administration is of high academic and practical value. The 30 year history of Jing Yi Girls’ High School is full of hardships, but there were also innumerable great achievements.

現代文明重建新巴貝耳塔乎!- 社會和諧與分離的反思

周景勳

Summary: The content of the article explores the phenomenon of a ‘civilized’ society and the understanding of the need of ‘reconciliation’ after ‘conflicts in civilization’ and that in ‘civilized reconciliation’, ‘compromises on differences’ and ‘harmony in diversity’ are needed.

Understanding the different ways Chinese culture and Western culture comprehend ‘civilization’ leads to the explanation of the symbolic meaning of ‘The Tower of Babel’. Through this, the reflection on the phenomenon of ‘modern civilization’ bringing to society challenges that produce conflicts and strife and, of ‘The New Tower of Babel’ symbol that reveals to modern people its in-depth meaning, tells us that the most urgent thing to do in the current situation is to restore the dignity of human nature; to respect people’s freedom and development; to accord people the equal right to life by ‘doing no harm’ to one another.

With the re-establishment of the new order, the lost meaning of living and existing is to be retrieved and the forgotten worthiness of life is to be rekindled. Together with the core of the Christian Faith awakening people to their self-consciousness in accord with the spiritual principles of Chinese culture, ‘Harmony in diversity’ and the ‘Preciousness of harmony’, conflicts and strife in society can be resolved. Moreover, having ‘dialogues’ can create and establish concord and reviewing cross cultural, international and inter-religious concerns can achieve the harmony of ‘The whole world is but one family’.

Additional Information

Weight 460 g
Dimensions 21 × 15 × 2 cm